Dr. Mularoni is Director of the Infectious Disease and Infection Control Service at ISMETT. She graduated with a degree in Medicine and Surgery in 2004 from the Alma Mater Studiorum at the University of Bologna with a score of 110/110 cum laude. During her university studies, she participated in professional exchanges through the International Federation of Medical Students Associations (IFMSA) in Sudan, Mexico, and Brazil. She attended the Postgraduate School of Infectious Disease at the University of Genoa, during which she participated in the Kento Mwana Project at the Hôpital Régional des Armées (HRA) in Pointe Noire, Democratic Republic of Congo, for the prevention of HIV vertical transmission. She specialized in infectious diseases in 2008 with Prof. Claudio Viscoli, and completed her studies with a score of 60/60 cum laude. Dr. Mularoni worked as a consultant for infectious diseases at IRCCS Giannina Gaslini pediatric institute with Dr. Elio Castagnola. In 2010 she moved to Bilbao, Spain with a grant from SIMIT (the Italian Society of Infectious and Tropical Diseases) as a researcher on infections of newborns with very low weight at birth at the Cruces hospital. In Bilbao she worked with Dr. Miguel Montejo, Director of Infectious Diseases and consultant for the kidney and liver transplant center at the Cruces hospital. She is a member of various national and international scientific societies, including SIMIT and ESCMID.
At ISMETT she is a consultant for liver, kidney, pancreas, heart, and lung transplant programs for children and adults. She also works in hospital epidemiology, particularly with prevention and infection control for multi-resistant bacteria. Since 2016 she has been Clinical Assistant Professor at the School of Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh. Current research programs focus on the rational use of antimicrobial medications (Antimicrobial Stewardship), prevention of infections deriving from solid organ donors, management of post-transplant viral infections, and other activities related to infection control in transplantation.